What is Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

Temporomandibular joint disorder is a complex problem that affects the system consisting of the temporomandibular joint, chewing muscles, a portion of head and neck muscles, joint ligaments, teeth, cheek, lips, and salivary glands.

What are the causes of Temporomandibular Joint Problems?

There are several causes of temporomandibular joint problems, including:

  • Teeth clenching and grinding,
  • Bad habits like lip biting, nail biting, finger sucking,
  • Traumatic factors such as accidents, blows, falls, impacts that cause injury to the jaw,
  • Abnormal relationship between upper and lower teeth.

What are the symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

  • Difficulty in opening the mouth,
  • Clicking sound in the jaw while eating,
  • Pain and fatigue in the facial area,
  • Sudden pain in the jaw joint, face, and neck muscles,
  • Pain and fatigue while chewing or speaking,
  • Unilateral shifting of the jaw,
  • Pain in teeth and ears,
  • Facial swelling,
  • Problems in the ears, including hearing loss and ringing,
  • Headache and dizziness,
  • Pain and pressure around the eyes,
  • Dizziness.

How is Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Diagnosed?

Diagnosing temporomandibular joint problems requires a detailed examination by a dentist. In addition to the examination, detailed imaging methods such as MRI are also used.

How is Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Treated?

The main goal of treating temporomandibular joint problems is to regulate the pressure within the joint. With the correct diagnosis, treatment can be managed through the use of orthopedic appliances (splints), patient education, and, if necessary, physical and medication therapy.